National Peace Conference Summary and Assessment
The United National Peace Conference in Albany brought together people from around the country and overseas. Although two people from India were denied visas to come to the conference, 520 pre-registered and 256 additional people registered at the door, for a total of 776 participants. Some who pre-registered did not show and some who showed did not register. Therefore, I believe the 776 is an accurate number.
The Sanctuary for Independent Media provided live-streaming of major segments of the conference to the Internet, provided a place for people to upload pictures and tweets and posted major presentations on YouTube1. The day after the conference, the YouTube videos got over 17,000 hits, making them the most viewed videos from a non-profit organization for that day. This enabled thousands who could not physically make it to the conference to experience it.
The core leaders of the antiwar movement were all there, including Medea Benjamin; Colonel Ann Wright; Kathy Kelly; Dahlia Wasfi; Michael McPherson from UFPJ [United for Peace and Justice] and VFP [Veterans For Peace]; Kevin Martin from Peace Action; Bláse Bonpane, Mark Johnson from the Fellowship of Reconciliation; Glen Ford from Black Agenda Report and Black is Back; Kevin Zeese, Fahima Vorgetts, Mike Ferner, Michael Eisencher from U.S. Labor Against the War; Larry Holmes from the International Action Center; Nada Khader, Debra Sweet, Leila Zand, and others. Cindy Sheehan also came but had to leave immediately when her daughter-in-law went into labor. Additionally, Ethan McCord, a former soldier in Iraq who was seen on the first leaked WikiLeaks video, spoke out publicly for the first time. War resisters, GIs who have refused to deploy, Skyped into the conference from Canada, since they could not be there in person.
Leaders of other movements were also at the conference; these include leaders of the Labor movement, such as Donna Dewitt, President of the South Carolina AFL-CIO. Leaders of SEIU/1199 came to ask the peace movement to support their upcoming October 2nd, 2010 march on Washington. The conference was welcomed by Mike Keenan, president of the Troy Area Labor Council. Present were Margaret Flowers and other leaders of the single-payer movement, as well as Lynda Cruz, Teresa Gutierrez, and other leaders of the immigrants rights movement. Palestinian rights activists played a big role in the conference, as did leaders of the movement against intervention in Iran, Columbia, Honduras, and Haiti. Leaders of the environmental movement were there as were leaders of the Muslim solidarity movement and student leaders like Blanca Missé, one of the central leaders of the recent student protests on the University of California Berkeley campus against Californiaís cuts to education. Dr. Margaret Flowers, a central leader of the movement for single-payer healthcare led a workshop with other healthcare advocates and spoke at the press conference that preceded the conference at which she made a strong connection between the movement for universal healthcare and peace.
Noam Chomsky spoke Saturday morning via video, followed by another keynote address by Donna Dewitt, President of the South Carolina AFL-CIO, and leading member of the National Assembly and U.S. Labor Against the War. We listened to Mumia Abu-Jamalís audio message to the conference from death row and to the narration of Imam Aref, one of the wrongly prosecuted Muslims from Albany, from his prison cell. Ralph Poynter, husband of imprisoned civil rights attorney Lynne Stewart, read her message to those assembled. Lynne was a member of the administrative body of the National Assembly to End U.S. Wars and Occupations, the group that initiated the conference. She is also a founding member of Project Salam, one of the other 31 co-sponsoring groups.
During conference panels movement leaders discussed the future of the antiwar movement. Throughout the weekend, the backdrop to the podium was a beautiful 40-foot mural painted by Mike Alewitz and Jerry Butler, who teach art at Central Connecticut State University. Mike was an antiwar leader at Kent State University 40 years ago during the period when National Guardsmen killed four student antiwar protestors May 4, 1970. Jerry was at Jackson State when, 10 days later, on May 14, police shot and killed two students and injured 12 on that campus.
The conference presented thirty-three workshops on war and social justice issues. Presenters came from a range of perspectives, faith-based peace groups, immigrant rights advocates, the Palestinian rights movement, the labor movement, active duty GIs and veteranís organizaitons, and many more. The workshops and presenters are listed on the conference web site ().
The conference operated democratically, with every person in attendance having voice and vote. Out of this process came an Action Proposal and a set of resolutions. All of this material is posted on the national peace conference web site (www.nationalpeaceconference.org). The Action Proposal calls for local actions in the Fall and bi-coastal demonstrations in New York City and California in the Spring. The spring actions will be accompanied by separate and distinct non-violent civil disobedience actions. The proposal also calls for support of and collaboration in building the mobilizations being called by the labor and civil rights movements in the coming months. These include demonstration planned for Washington and Detroit on August 28 and a large October 2nd demonstration being organized by SEIU/1199, AFL-CIO, the NAACP, and others. The action proposal includes a strong stand in support of Palestinian rights and against the threats directed at Iran. It calls for coordinated teach-ins, lobbying efforts, and campaigns to pass city, town, and village resolutions on the issue of war spending and its impact on the economy.
One theme running throughout the conference was the connection between the antiwar movement and the Muslim solidarity movement. Both the wars and the attacks on Muslims are the products of Washington’s phony war on terror. The wars have been called preemptive wars, and the prosecutions of Muslims have been labeled preemptive prosecution. These concepts are used by the government as theoretical justifications for the wars going on at home and abroad. The Muslim solidarity issue was highlighted at a poignant and symbolic march from the peace conference to the Masjid-Al Salam mosque on Central Avenue where the imprisoned Albany Muslims used to worship. At the mosque, a rally was held where family member and supporters of the wrongly prosecuted Muslims spoke along with leaders of the antiwar movement such as Kathy Kelly, Medea Benjamin and Sara Flounders of the International Action Center. Also, on Saturday, a lunchtime presentation was given by Shamshad Ahmad, the president of the mosque. A statement was read by imam Aref, the former Imam of the mosque, now in prison for 15 years.
Why Albany? It could not have happened anywhere else. On the national level, the peace movement has been weak and unable to capitalize on the fact that the majority opposes the wars and the fact that trillions are being spent on war while education, healthcare and other human services are being cut. Consequently, the National Assembly to End U.S. Wars and Occupations decided to forgo its own national conference in favor of building a unity conference of the entire antiwar movement, understanding that the lack of unity in the U.S. antiwar movement has been a major factor in the weakness of our movement. The Albany area has a strong peace movement in which all of the groups work together. In addition, when Muslims were attacked in our community, the peace movement and eventually the media and large sections of the non-Muslim community stood behind them. In many other areas of the country, this didnít happen, as some peace groups felt that being associated with the unjustly prosecuted Muslims might alienate them from the politicians and others in the non-Muslim community. People in Albany realized that the wars and the pre-emptive prosecutions of Muslims are two faces of the same phony war on terror. So as we took up the fight against the attacks on Muslims and the racism these attacks have engendered, we undercut the war on terror justification for the wars of occupation while, at the same time, finding new allies in the struggle for peace. Building bridges between the Muslim and the non-Muslim communities is exactly the opposite of what the government wanted, with its use of agent provocateurs and fabricated terror plots.
The conference was the right thing to do at the right time; it came to a close literally hours before the explosive Afghan War Diaries were published by WikiLeaks and right before Congress voted additional funding for perpetual U.S. wars and occupations. The conference gave our movement a powerful voice at a very critical time. It also succeeded in bringing together thirty-one peace groups with diverse perspectives. We brought together the peace movement with leaders of other movements that have mobilized millions in their own right. In doing so, we took a step forward not only for peace but also for human rights and justice.
We also brought together the Albany community with the broader movement nationally. National leaders like Jerry Gordon of the National Assembly, who played a leading role in organizing the National Peace Action Coalition during the Vietnam War was a central figure bringing all of this together. The National Assembly put everything it had into this conference. The International Action Center and the Bail Out the Peoples movement, which have a strong base in New York City, also played a major role in the success of the conference. Veterans for Peace, Peace Action, the Fellowship for Reconciliation, the Womenís International League for Peace and Freedom, U.S. Labor Against the War, Progressive Democrats of America, Kathy Kelly and Voices for Creative Non-Violence, and Project Salam were also pillars on which the conference was built. Code Pink, World Canít Wait, National Lawyers Guild, After Downing Street, Black Agenda Report, the Granny Peace Brigade, Office of the Americas, Military Families Speak Out, and others also played a significant role in building the conference.
The involvement of these groups will be very important as we build actions for next spring in New York City and California.
Locally, a contingent of around 40 people put their all into making the conference run smoothly. The incredibly professional work of the Sanctuary for Independent Media gave us an international presence. The Albany media coverage, with the exception of the attacks on the conference by Carl Strock of the Schenectady Gazette, was excellent. The Times Union published four articles and an op-ed piece on the conference. Despite competition with the opening day of the Saratoga Race Track, the TV and radio news covered us as well.
There were some shortcomings. Outside of some alternative media, the conference was not covered by the national media, in stark contrast to the coverage of the Tea Party convention, which, despite having fewer in attendance, was given prime-time live coverage by CNN and other outlets. Maureen Aumand who, along with Mary Finneran, organized the media in Albany, alerted the New York Times to the conference on several occasions. The Times tried to explain why they would not cover the conference, but the real reason is because the powers running the corporate media in the U.S. want to build a right-wing, not a progressive, left-wing movement.
In addition, participants were mostly older and white. Although polls show antiwar sentiment being greatest among youth and African Americans, and this was not reflected at the conference.
Tests of unity
Finally, there were some tests of our unity, the most significant one being the issue of Palestine. Important leaders of the Palestinian movement were in attendance, and a caucus was formed by Palestinian rights activists to discuss how best to integrate the Palestinian issues with the broader peace issues. They put together a resolution and an amendment to the Action Proposal on Palestine, which passed by a large majority. However, some felt that the wording was too strong and therefore fought to change it. This was a serious disagreement, and my hope is that it will not cause any deterioration in our unity.
Pulling together a unity conference with thirty-one different groups, each with its own perspective on how to bring about peace was a real achievement. However, our true test will be in how united we remain as we build future actions to end the wars. Towards this end, the conference passed a proposal for a continuations committee that will be chaired by Jerry Gordon. It will meet for the first time on August 16th, with the goal of continuing our work and broadening it to include other forces at the local and regional levels.
The peace conference came together at just the right time and place. It happened at the same time when other progressive forces (like the labor and civil rights movements) also are mobilizing (on August 28 and October 2). The labor and civil rights leaders who have called these actions may see them in the context of the mid-term election but they come at a time that millions are being victimized by the wars at home and abroad and are looking for a way to fight back. The unity we attained with the conference was significant. If we can continue and broaden this unity with our allies within and outside of the peace movement we can change the world.
Joe Lombardo is a leader in the Albany Peace Movement.
Distributed via National Assembly email, August 3, 2010
1 For a list of videos from the conference go to: